About Montura Charra
The montura charra mount extends from the saddle to the complete package, with a breast belt, harness, and straps. The charra saddle is that saddle or saddle used as a seat by the people who practice the charrería. It is placed on top of the horse’s back for more support and safety of the charro.
Although heavy, compared to other saddles, it is very comfortable for the horse and rider without causing damage to the animal’s back. It is functional to carry out any of the Suertes Charras. Our frames are 100% charras, based on old models and comply with the purest charra and ranchera orthodoxy. All are made with top-quality saddle leather (4mm), ironed, cut and sewn by hand.
Parts of the Montura Charro Saddle
All the parts of the charra saddle have been modified and innovated according to the needs of the charro, either to practice charrería as a sport or use the harnesses for work in the fields.
- The two sides of the chair (left and right) are entirely different.
- Charra saddle on the right side is saddled (the saddle is positioned on the horse’s back), and on the left side
- Charra Saddle on the Left side
is tightened (the saddle is attached to the horse’s back). Despite the changes, the frame has always been composed. After the conquest of Mexico was accomplished, Don Alonso Martínez, a skilled saddler specializing in making horse harness, arrived in New Spain. Don Alonso was the first saddler to establish himself in the colony and the only one who practised the chair of 2the trade above at that time.
It is the rider’s seat. Thanks to it, there is no contact with the horse’s back, avoiding injuries. It is made of wood; it can be varnished, retouched (lined with blanket and leather) or painted (lined with a blanket and painted with lacquer). The most used shaft currently is the Saldivar, designed by Ernesto Icasa and made by Don Juan Saldivar. It was designed so that the post of the charros was more rustic than that of the hacendados (Spanish).
Types of Head of Montura Charra
The front upper part of the stem can be Saldivar, Ball or Half Onion. The first is used for the luck of the rope, and the last two for the gala chairs. They can be adorned with embossed or openwork stainless steel or silver or reinforced with Turma (dry caste bull scrotum).
Neck: It supports the head and is where the rope is entangle in the Suerte de Pilates.
Shoulders: They make the rope not leave its place.
Tables: They may or may not be part of the shaft; it is locates below the shoulders and is uses for the en Estados.
Archives: It is the hole where the actions are placed to provide the stirrups and, thus, the feet of the charro.
Seat: It is where the rider sits.
Title: Rear part of the shaft is raised, so the charro does not go backward.
One of the current alterations is the Fuste de Cala, an innovation from three or four years ago; it allows a better weight balance for the luck of the Cala (showing the training of the horse).
They are leather belts held around the chair’s shoulders to the rings. They are tied by two scutcheons or a buckle of the same ironwork and decoration of the chair.
He holds the ring and prevents it from going forward, with the whole tile tying it. This military is ahead when stretching at the head of the saddle (roping the bull or mare). On the left side, it is used to tie the cord with a tanto (leather threads).
Ducktail Wand of Montura Charra
Ducktail Wand is the part that gives the name to the kind of chair that can be found. It comprises a posterior Carona that interacts with the horse’s back. It maintains the drawing of the chair at the top. They are made of leather, lined with felt and diploma; this defends the horse’s back from the weight of the proviso and some blows when lassoing.
Thus, the Mexican stem has a head that can be “Saldivar”, “Bola”, or “Half Onion”. The first is for the rope luck and the other for the parade gala chairs, and the head can be decorated with metal embossing and reinforced with turma, a dry bull scrotum.
Neck, Shoulders, Boards, Archives, Seat, Tile… And all the other parts of the chair are added to the shaft: Enreatados, contraenreatados, coarse, actions, stirrups, whip, counter whip, quarters, quarters, cinch, pechopretal, serape and also, carona. This is our Mexican chair, which is different on the left and right sides… The charra chair is unique in the world.
- Bastos Cuadrados.
- Skeleton Saddle Wands: Used in the field, covering the shaft’s lower part.
- Bastos Duck Tail Chair: It shapes like a duck tail.
- Square Bastos with Round Tips.
Auctions for Montura Charra
They help to hold the stirrups to the shaft. Thus, they are made of skin and are sometimes fastened with a buckle. There are three types:
Double loop pommels: They loop twice in the holes for the shaft; they have excellent safety and also, strength.
Single-turn harnesses with buckle: They are easier to stretch and pick up and also, thicker.
Sweatshirt harnesses: Used in the field to protect the rider’s pants from the horse’s sweat.
There is an incredible diversity of stirrups; they are used so that the rider can establish himself while riding by inserting his feet into them. They can be made of:
Wood with foil: existence less heavy.
Stainless steel: busy to career by its structure.
Iron lined with leather: active to ride and guard the foot if the horse falls on it.
Cover: used in the arena to protect from thorns.
Openwork with stainless steel or embossed: they are heavy and also, used in gala chairs.
found on the right side of the mount. Used to shorten and lengthen the perimeter so it adjusts to the size of the horse’s belly.
There are three types:
- Luxury: it goes around in the belt that occupies air.
- Normal: turn three times to tighten the girth.
- Cleat: does not take up much space, permitting the rider’s leg to remain free.
They are on the left-hand side of the mount. It can use for to tighten, together with the perimeter, the saddle on the horse’s back. Thus, it circles in a ring and is holding with the call of the webbing.
Well, people who knew how to read were very scarce at that time among Mexicans and Europeans, so the advertisements for the businesses had an allusive object to what they were selling. So the shoe store hung a shoe, the dentist a tooth, and the saddler hung a tree at the entrance to the business.
Quarters are on the left-hand side of the mount at the height of the canteens. They are the bases for hanging the fourth on the saddle. They go according to the edges (decoration) of the chair. Its size and also, shape depend on the room that the rider occupies.
One day, a mestizo came to buy a tree, but given the prohibition, Alonso Martínez did not want to sell it to him even though he insisted for several days. Suddenly one morning, when opening it, the saddler realized that the shaft had disappeared. He made the courage of his life, but he could do nothing. Sometime later, the post returned to dawn, hanging on the door of the saddlery.
They are called that way because the handle inhabits a quarter; inside, they have a principal, so they do not bend, and at the end, they have straws (ribs) with a handle. They are made of rawhide, thread, rope, horse bristles, women’s hair or bull virile. Moreover, they serve to cheer up or correct the horse in training.
Cinch of Montura Charra
It comprises braided to cotton, overstated yarns, nylon and yarn threads, and also braided yarns. Thus, it holds the saddle around the horse’s belly (it goes under). The fabrics go according to the serape and the rider’s wheels, while the rings with which it is detained, to the ironwork of the saddle.
Serves as an accompaniment for the safety of the proviso and also horse. Thus, it is located on the horse’s chest, preventing the saddle from going to the side or back in any Suertes Charras. In addition, the montura charra Coleada helps the horse force its chest to stretch.
Currently, it can use as a decoration for the frame. Thus, it is placed in the back and supported by tientos. The chair 3From here came what could be considered the first montura charra saddle. Which consist of the sheepskin that is place on the animal’s back.
A shaft lined with parchment and attached to the horse by ropes, and also, the leather tacks with wooden stirrups that imitated in their forms the metallic ones. The montura charra chair evolved until it became the only true jewel of montura charra saddlery.
They have evolved according to the clubs; there are square and also, round. They have changed according to the horse’s back since it must carry a curve to protect the withers. It was so different that the Viceroy Don Luis de Velasco, when granting permission to the natives to ride horses, conditioned them to only depend on montura charra saddles, like this, with that name that shows that they were completely different.
Extra Accessories or Space Parts of Montura Charra
- Set of tientos (6 pcs)
- Set of leather escutcheons (12 pcs)
- Rollers for oak stirrups 2.5cm D.
- Back whip
- Rose tones
- extra bridle
- Leather for chaps
- Toys or Figs for Cinch.
Hence, the montura charra saddle has very particular characteristics that no other has. For this reason, the montura charra chair is unique worldwide. Thus. there are some versions of the origin of the charra chair. But the one that is consign in history after the conquest is the one I narrate here. During the colony, mestizos is prohibits from riding a horse on pain of death as a punishment.
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